From launch (at 9:07 a.m.) to Vostok 1 touching down on the ground (10:55 a.m.) was 108 minutes, a number often used to describe this mission. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. However, in June 2013, fellow cosmonaut, Alexey Leonov (the first man to conduct a spacewalk), revealed that the accident was caused by a Sukhoi fighter jet that had been flying too low. (The Soviets did this to get around a technicality about how flights were officially recognized at the time.). Right before Gagarin landed (near the village of Uzmoriye, near the Volga River), a local farmer and her daughter spotted Gagarin floating down with his parachute. He was only 27 years old when the mission took place. Prvi je čovek koji je otputovao u svemir 12. aprila 1961. godine u svemirskoj letelici Vostok I.Let je trajao 1 sat i 48 minuta. Life was difficult during the war and the Gagarins were kicked out of their home. After graduation, he was assigned to Luostari airbase in Murmansk Oblast. After Soviet Union decided to launch a human being to space, a secret nationwide selection process was started in 1960 and Gagarin was chosen with 19 other pilots. Sturmanskie - Gagarin watch In 1949 the manufacturing of Sturmanskie watches was started. I know that Yuri Gagarin was fond of ice hockey. Gagarin was 1.57 metres tall. Gagarin was to be the very first human being in space, truly going where no man had gone before. Cosmonaut Valeri Bykovsky wrote: "Service in the air force made us strong, both physically and morally. Gagarin was rocketed into space using an automated system. All of us cosmonauts took up sports and PT seriously when we served in the air force. It was at the industrial school in Saratov that he joined a flying club. After the flight, he became a global celebrity, touring widely to promote the Soviet achievement. All candidates were men, no taller than 175 centimeters and having a body mass of 70-72 kilograms. The Vostok 1's top speed reached 28,260 kph (about 17,600 mph). Instead, he helped train future cosmonauts. Yuri Gagarin (March 9, 1934–March 27, 1968) made history on April 12, 1961, when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth. He later returned to the Star City training facility, where he spent some years working on designs for a reusable spacecraft. His parents, Alexei Ivanovich Gagarin and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked on a collective farm. On 12 April 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1) and return. One of his colleagues, cosmonaut Yevgeni Khrunov, believed that Gagarin was very focused, and was demanding of himself and others when necessary. Some thought he was drunk. In 1955, after completing his technical schooling, he entered flight training at the Orenburg Military Pilot's School. During the extensive physical and psychological testing required of the chosen cosmonaut trainees, Gagarin excelled at the tests while maintaining a calm demeanor as well as his sense of humor. Gagarin kept physically fit throughout his life, and was a keen sportsman. (It also helped that he was short in stature since Vostok 1's capsule was small.) Just after lift-off, Gagarin reputedly called out, "Poyekhali!" Gagarin had served as back-up pilot for Vladimir Komarov on Soyuz 1. He wanted to be that man, so he volunteered to be a cosmonaut. He made his first solo flight in 1955. When the 20 candidates were asked to anonymously vote for which other candidate they would like to see as the first to fly, all but three chose Gagarin. ), sovjetski kosmonaut. He was not given the controls because many scientists were worried about the psychological effects of being in space (i.e. When the 20 candidates were asked to anonymously vote for which other candidate they would like to see as the first to fly, all but three chose Gagarin. The couple eventually had two daughters together. After graduating, Gagarin was sent on some missions. Valentina Tereshkova: The First Woman in Space, 16 Black Americans in Astronomy and Space, A Short History of Roscosmos and the Soviet Space Program, Project Gemini: NASA's Early Steps to Space, History of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), The History and Legacy of Project Mercury, History of the Apollo 11 Mission, "One Giant Leap for Mankind", B.A., History, University of California at Davis. It took Gagarin a few minutes to convince them that he too was Russian and to direct him to the nearest phone. You have already liked this page, you can only like it once! Since he had been following the Soviet Union's progress in space flight, he was confident that soon his country would send a man into space. Poginuo je pri rutinskom letu u dvosedu sa još jednim pilotom. Although he never again went to space, his achievement was one of the most significant events of the "space race" which eventually saw men land on the moon. In school, Yuri Gagarin loved both mathematics and physics. Gagarin did not control the spacecraft during his mission; however, in case of an emergency, he could have opened an envelope left on board for the override code. On 27 March 1968, Gagarin took off with MiG-15UTI fighter with flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin for a routine training flight from Chkalovsky Air Base, but the flight ended tragically: their plane crashed near the town of Kirzhach. In April 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space, launching to orbit aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1). ("Off we go!"). Gagarin landed safely with his parachute about 10 minutes after Vostok 1 came down. At the end of the orbit, Vostok 1 reentered the Earth's atmosphere. Gagarin was also a favoured candidate by his peers. Juri Gagarini u lind në fshatin Klushino pranë Gzhatsk më 9 mars 1934, i lindur nga Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin (babai) dhe Anna Timofeyevna Gagarin (nëna), thuhet se Alexey ishte nje zdrukthtar, ndersa Anna nje lexuese e pangopur.Yuri ishte i treti nga të katërtit fëmijët, ndërsa prindërit e tij kan punuar në një ferm. Gagarin's skills led him to the Orenburg Aviation School, where he learned to fly MiGs. Traveling at supersonic speed, the jet flew perilously close to Gagarin's MiG, likely overturning the MiG with its backwash and sending Gagarin's jet into a deep spiral. In 1962, he began serving as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. On March 27, 1968, Gagarin was test-piloting a MiG-15 fighter jet when the plane plummeted to the ground, killing Gagarin instantly at the age of 34. After starting an apprenticeship in a metalworks as a foundryman, Gagarin was selected for further training at a technical high school in Saratov. While there, he joined the 'AeroClub', and learned to fly light aircraft, a hobby that would take up an increasing part of his time. On the same day he graduated from Orenburg with top honors in November 1957, Yuri Gagarin married his sweetheart, Valentina ("Valy") Ivanovna Goryacheva. Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born on 9 March 1934 in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia). One of his colleagues, cosmonaut Yevgeni Khrunov, believed that Gagarin was very focused, and was demanding of himself and others when necessary. After his successful first flight into space, Gagarin never again was sent into space. He had accomplished what no other human being had ever done before. The Nazis also sent Yuri's two sisters to Germany to work as forced laborers. Gagarin was further selected for an elite training group known as the 'Sochi Six', who would make up the the first cosmonauts of the Vostok programme. Cosmonaut trainee Gherman Titov was chosen to be the backup in case Gagarin was unable to make the first space flight. On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin boarded Vostok 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Soviet officials tried to keep him away from flying aircraft, being worried of losing their hero in an accident. born in Klushino, a small village west of Moscow in Russia (then known as the Soviet Union). Out of the 20 selected, the eventual choices for the first launch were Gagarin and Gherman Titov, because of their performance in training, as well as their physical characteristics — space was at a premium in the small Vostok cockpit and both men were rather short. I don't think I am wrong when I say that sports became a fixture in the life of the cosmonauts.". Gagarin and the other prospective cosmonauts were subjected to experiments designed to test physical and psychological endurance; he also underwent training for the upcoming flight. Since Gagarin had discovered a love of flying, he joined the Soviet Air Force. Logos for all crewed European spacefiights.